Eye Diseases: Symptoms and its treatment

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Once in a while, everyone faces an eye problem. Some are minor and are easy to treat at home, and others need to visit the best eye hospital in India. Whether one’s vision isn’t clear or never was that great, there are many things one can do to keep eyes healthy. A blurred vision or decrease in vision in one of the main symptoms which should always be investigated. If any of these problems sound familiar, check with ophthalmologist as there are many different conditions that can affect the eye. Some of the other common eye diseases are:


Blepharitis
The inflammation of the eyelids is known as Blepharitis and affects both eyes. It is a bacterial infection and does not cause loss of sight but might feel uncomfortable. It can recur but can be prevented. The causes of this disease are:
  • Allergic reactions to eye drops
  • Skin complaints (such as skin redness)
  • Blocked oil glands at edge of eyelids

Symptoms of blepharitis:
  • Sensitive to light
  • Watery eyes
  • Itchy or burning eyes and eyelids
  • Feels that something is in eye
  • Crusty or sticky eyelashes

Treatment for blepharitis:
Visit best ophthalmologist in India and tell about symptoms. If your doctor suspects an infection, he may prescribe antibiotic ointment.

Cataracts
Cataract means clouding of the lens in the eye and can occur in one or both eyes. Mostly, older people get cataracts but in rare cases, babies may be born with cataracts. This is common among people who are obese, smoke, drink excessive alcohol, have diabetes and spend a lot of time in sun. Symptoms of cataract are:
  • Blurred or distorted vision
  • Makes sensitive to glare
  • Sense of seeing double

Treatment for Cataract:
  • Glasses may help to improve the vision but surgery is the long-term treatment. In surgery, the clouded lens are removed and replaced with an artificial lens.
Color Blindness
Color blindness is the inability to see certain colors. This condition is inherited and is from birth. There are various types of color blindness:
  • Red–green color Blindness: It means patient finds it hard to tell difference between reds from greens and the most common form of color blindness. It mostly affects males.
  • Blue-Yellow Color Blindness: Blue-Yellow Color blindness is less common and individual finds it hard to differentiate between blues from yellows.
  • Complete Color Blindness: In this condition, individual doesn’t experience any color at all. However, complete color blindness is rare.
Conjunctives
Pink eye or conjunctivitis is caused by inflammation of the inside of the eyelid and outer layer of the eye. It can be caused by allergy, viral infection, bacterial infection, foreign body, blocked tear duct and foreign body. The treatments depend on the cause are:
  • Bacterial infections require antibiotic eye drops.
  • If there’s a foreign body in eye, doctor needs to remove it
  • Allergic conjunctivitis is treated with tablets or drops
Diabetic retinopathy
The retina is a part of eye and is a layer of light-sensitive tissue on the inside back of eye. It can slowly become damaged and cause vision problems. Diabetes can cause tiny blood vessels in the retina to swell and then bleed. In eyes, this process can damage the retina and both eyes can be affected. The symptoms of diabetic retinopathy are:
  • Become sensitive to glare
  • Find it difficult to watch TV
  • Have blurred, patchy or distorted vision
  • Trouble seeing at night
Treatment for diabetic retinopathy:
Laser treatment at the best eye hospital in India for retina can help to seal the leaking blood vessels and stop growth of abnormal blood vessels.

Glaucoma
Glaucoma is a condition that damage optic nerve that links the eye to brain. The nerve carries signals from back of eye to the brain and allows you to see. It causes vision loss and can cause blindness if left untreated. It is very gradual and can go unnoticed, so regular eye examination is required. The various types of glaucoma are:
  • Primary open angle glaucoma: The fluid pressure builds up.
  • Angle closure glaucoma: The fluid stops circulating and the pressure builds up which causes pain in the eye.
Symptoms of glaucoma
People suffering from angle closure glaucoma can get red eye, blurred vision and pain. In this condition, individual can also feel nauseous, with vomiting and headaches. People with glaucoma have no symptoms until their eyesight is damaged.

Treatment of glaucoma
Nerve cells can’t be repaired. However, treatment is designed to prevent or slow the damage. This involves:
  • Medicine or eye drops
  • Laser surgery or other surgery

 
Refractive Errors
This is one of the most common eye problems. When the shape of the eye is abnormal, the eye doesn’t bend light properly and vision is blurred. The most common refractive errors are:
  • Short-sightedness (Myopia) causing blurred long distance vision
  • Long-sightedness (Hypermetropia) causes blurred close and distance vision.
  • Astigmatism causes blurred vision and an uneven focus of light.
  • Presbyopia: In this condition, eye lens loses flexibility making close work difficult. It is common among people over 40 years of age.

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